Swing called swing jazz or swing music is a music style that developed in the early 1930s and is released as a separate style in 1935 in the USA. Swing dance is characterized by a strong rhythm section, medium to fast pace and distinctive “exhilarated” rhythm characteristic of most forms of jazz. According to prominent jazz musicians such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington there is no significant difference between jazz and swing. Jazz in general cannot exist without the swing. In 1932 Duke Ellington makes the composition It Don’t Mean A Thing (If It Ain’t Got That Swing).
Swing Dance – The beginning
1935 – The birth of swing dance
When Benny Goodman began playing faster hot rhythms reviews are mixed. Turning point is the participation of his orchestra in “Palomar Ballroom”. There they started playing slower and lyrical pieces. The crowd did not react in any way and Goodman and his orchestra decided that this is the end of their careers. They decided to end with hot rhythms, because they like them very much – and then the crowd erupted. The people have heard their band with their hot records on the radio and that was the reason they visited their concert. After the great reviews in the media their careers started to go up; swing attracted public attention and became a dominant style in the next decade.
1990-th – Renaissance of swing dance
The popularity of swing music began to decline during World War II because of three reasons the most important of which are:
• it would be very difficult to form a “large group” because many musicians were sent to the battlefield;
• supporting a large number of musicians was a problem because of the economy of the country at that time.
These were the two main reasons to form small groups of 3 to 5 people – that way it would be easier to support them. This changed the typical sounding of swing and so raised the styles blues and bebop.